Research monographs

2017. Restructuring the European State – European Integration and State Reform. Montreal, QC, Canada: McGill-Queen’s University Press [Introduction and Conclusion available on SSRN].

2005. Between Two Unions: Europeanisation and Scottish Devolution. Manchester: Manchester University Press (e-book edition, 2013).

Refereed research articles

Forthcoming. Conceptualizing, Measuring, and Mapping State Structures – With an Application to Western Europe, 1950-2015. Publius: The Journal of Federalism. 

Forthcoming. Dynamic De/Centralization in Federations: Comparative Conclusions. Publius: The Journal of Federalism (with John Kincaid, Alan Fenna, André Kaiser, André LecoursAjay Kumar Singh,  Sean Mueller and  Stephan Vogel).

Forthcoming. Conceptualizing, Measuring, and Theorizing Dynamic De/Centralization in Federations. Publius: The Journal of Federalism (with John Kincaid, Alan Fenna, André Kaiser, André Lecours, and Ajay Kumar Singh).

2017. Dynamic De/Centralization in Switzerland, 1848-2010Publius: The Journal of Federalism DOI: 10.1093/publius/pjx056 (with Sean Mueller).

2014. Langue, culture politique et centralisation en Suisse. Revue internationale de politique comparée 21/4: 73-94 (with Sean Mueller).

2014. European Integration, Party Strategies, and State Restructuring: a Comparative Analysis. European Political Science Review 6/2: 213-36 (© Cambridge University Press).

2012. Local Government Paradiplomacy in the UK: the Case of the Kent-Virginia Project. Local Government Studies 38/5: 599-614 (with Rebecca Casson).

2012. Europeanization and the Unravelling of Belgium: a Comparative Analysis of Party Strategies. Acta Politica 47/2: 181-209.

2011. The Acid Test? Competing Theses on the Nationality-Democracy Nexus and the Case of Switzerland. Nations and Nationalism 17/2: 357-76 (with Nenad Stojanović).

2009. Europeanization as Heresthetics: Party Competition over Self-Government for Scotland, 1974-97. Party Politics 15/1: 49-68.

2005. The Dynamics of Confederalism and Federalism: Comparing Switzerland and the EU. Regional and Federal Studies 15/2: 163-85 (with Clive Church).

2005. Democratic Deficit or the Europeanisation of Secession? Explaining the Devolution Referendums in Scotland. Political Studies 53/2: 320-42.

2003. Ideology and Rationality: the Europeanisation of the Scottish National Party. Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft 32/3: 271-84.

1999. Implementing Subsidiarity: Regional Policy from a British PerspectiveRegional and Federal Studies 9/2: 69-88.

Other scholarly articles  

2014. An Independent Scotland? The Scottish National Party’s Bid for Independence and its Prospects. The International Spectator 49/3: 88-105 (with James Mitchell).

2013. The Parliamentary and Executive Elections in Switzerland, 2011. Electoral Studies 32/1: 197-201 (with Sean Mueller) [preliminary version also published in The Monkey Cage, 25 October 2011].

2008. Multinational Switzerland?. Swiss Political Science Review 14/3: 551-77.

2008. The Swiss Federal Elections of 2007Electoral Studies 27/4: 748-51.

2005. Conclusions: Comparative Federalism and the Constitutional Treaty. Regional and Federal Studies 15/2: 259-69 [slightly amended version also published in Russian as ‘Sravnitelny analiz federalizma i konstitutionniy dogovor evropeyskogo soyuza’, Europa – International Almanac vol. VI: 142-9, 2006].

2005. The Parliamentary and Executive Elections in Switzerland, 2003. Electoral Studies 24/1: 123-9.

1993. Risorse e transizioni: l’esperienza dell’età giolittiana [Resources and Transitions: the Case of Turin in the Early Twentieth Century]. Sisifo 25: 57-62.

Book chapters

2017. Il federalismo svizzero in prospettiva comparata: miti e realtà. In Sean Mueller and Anja Giudici (eds), Il federalismo svizzero – Attori, strutture e processi. Locarno: Armando Dadò.

2017. El federalismo suizo – Orígines, evolución y desafíos. In Wilhelm Hofmeister and José Tudela Aranda (eds), Sistemas federales – Una comparación internacional. Madrid and Zaragoza: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung and Fundación Manuel Giménez Abad.

2013. Switzerland – Europe’s First Federation. In John Loughlin, John Kincaid and Wilfried Swenden (eds), The Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism. Abingdon: Routledge.

2011. Multi-lingual but Mono-national – Exploring and Explaining Switzerland’s Exceptionalism. In Ferran Requejo and Miquel Caminal (eds), Federalism, Plurinationality, and Democratic Constitutionalism – Theory and Cases. Abingdon: Routledge [first published in Catalan in 2009 as ‘Suïssa: multilingüe però mononacional – Anàlisi i explicaciò d’un cas singular’, in Miquel Caminal and Ferran Requejo (eds), Federalisme i plurinacionalitat – Teoria i anàlisi de casos. Barcelona: Institut d’Estudis Autonòmics].

2011. The Emergence and Evolution of Democracy in Switzerland. In Mary Malone (ed.), Achieving Democracy – Democratization in Theory and PracticeNew York, NY, USA: Continuum.

2010. Federal Democracy in Switzerland. In Michael Burgess and Alain Gagnon (eds), Federal Democracies. Abingdon: Routledge [translated into Catalan in 2013 as ‘Democràcia federal a Suïssa’, in Michael Burgess i Alain Gagnon (eds), Democràcies federals. Barcelona: Institut d’Estudis Autonòmics].

2006. Federalism: Institutional Adaptation and Symbolic Constraints. In Clive Church (ed.), Switzerland and the European Union. London: Routledge.

Working papers

2010. The European Dimension in Flanders’ Quest for Autonomy. Working Papers Online Series No. 113/2010. Universidad Autonoma de Madrid.

2006. Europeanisation and Party Competition on Self-Government for Scotland, 1974-1997. Working Papers Online Series No. 64/2006. Universidad Autonoma de Madrid.

2001. The Europeanisation of Regionalisation: European Integration and Public Support for Self-Government in Scotland 1979-1997Queen’s Papers on Europeanisation No. 5/2001.

Conference papers

2017. Conceptualizing and Mapping State Structures, with an Application to Western Europe. 75th MPSA Annual Conference. Chicago, IL, USA. 6-9 April.

2016. Conceptualising and Mapping State Structures in Western Europe. 10th ECPR General Conference. Prague, Czechia. 7-10 September.

2016. Dynamic De/Centralization in Federations. 112th APSA Annual Meeting. Philadelphia, PA, USA. 1-4 September (with John Kincaid, Alan Fenna, André Kaiser, André Lecours, and Ajay Kumar Singh).

2016. Dynamic De/Centralisation in Federations: Comparative Conclusions. 24th IPSA World Congress. Poznań, Poland. 23-28 July (with John Kincaid, Alan Fenna, André Kaiser, André Lecours, and Ajay Kumar Singh).

2016. Dynamic De/Centralisation in Switzerland. 24th IPSA World Congress. Poznań, Poland. 23-28 July (with Sean Mueller).

2016. Conceptualising, Measuring, and Theorising Dynamic De/Centralisation in Federations. 24th IPSA World Congress. Poznań, Poland. 23-28 July (with John Kincaid, Alan Fenna, André Kaiser, André Lecours, and Ajay Kumar Singh).

2015. Conceptualizing, Measuring, and Mapping Dynamic De/Centralization in Federations. 111th APSA Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA, USA. 3-6 September (with John Kincaid, Alan Fenna, André Kaiser, André Lecours, and Ajay Kumar Singh).

2014. Analysing Dynamic De/Centralization in Federations: a Conceptual and Methodological Framework. 23rd IPSA World Congress. Montreal, QC, Canada. 19-24 July (with John Kincaid, Alan Fenna, André Kaiser, André Lecours, and Ajay Kumar Singh).

2012. Inter-state Integration and Intra-state Federalisation: a Comparative Analysis of Party Strategies. 22nd IPSA World Congress. Madrid, Spain. 8-12 July.

2012. Localism or Centralism? Exploring ‘Macro-Local’ Reforms in the Swiss Cantons. 62nd PSA Annual Conference. Belfast, UK. 3-5 April (with Sean Mueller).

2011. Does Inter-state Integration Lead to Intra-state Fragmentation? A Comparative Study of Party Strategies. 107th APSA Annual Meeting. Seattle, WA, USA. 1-4 September.

2011. Europeanisation and Federalisation in Belgium – A Comparative Study of the Flemish Parties. 61st PSA Annual Conference. London, UK. 19-21 April.

2010. Why Switzerland is Mono- not Multi-national – Historical, Institutional, Attitudinal and Behavioural Aspects. International Conference ‘Switzerland: a Nation-state or a Multinational State?’. Aarau, AG, Switzerland. 7-8 May.

2010. The European Dimension in Flanders’ Quest for Autonomy. 5th PSA Territorial Politics Conference. Oxford, UK. 7-8 January.

2009. The European Dimension in the Federalisation of Belgium. 5th ECPR General Conference. Potsdam, BB, Germany. 10-12 September.

2007. UK Devolution and Europe. International Conference ‘Scottish and Welsh Devolution, 1966-1999’. Université de Rouen, France. 19-20 January.

2006. Federal Democracy: the Swiss Experience. 20th IPSA World Congress. Fukuoka, Japan. 9-13 July.

2005. The Constitution of Europe: the European Union from a Federal Perspective. 1er Congrès international des associations francophones de science politique. Lausanne, VD, Switzerland. 18-19 November.

2005. Swiss Direct Democracy: a Shining Example?. 27th EGPA Annual Conference. Berne, BE, Switzerland. 31 August-3 September.

2003. Democratic Deficit or Europeanisation of Secession? Explaining the Variation in the Demand for Self-government in Scotland, 1979 and 1997. 53rd PSA Annual Conference. Leicester, UK. 15-17 April.

2003. Switzerland: Historical Dynamics and Contemporary Realities. Chatham House Conference ‘Governing Together in the New Europe’. Cambridge, UK. 12-13 April (with Clive Church).

2003. Ideology and Rationality: the Europeanisation of the Scottish National Party. 8th EUSA International Conference. Nashville, TN, USA. 27-29 March.

2002. Does Supra-National Integration Fuel Sub-National Demands for Self-Government?. 98th APSA Annual Meeting. Boston, MA, USA. 29 August-1 September.

2002. Europeanisation and Devolution of Power: Evidence from a Comparative Analysis of Scotland Over Time. 30th ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops. Turin, Italy. 22-27 March.

2001. The Europeanisation of the Centre-Periphery Paradigm: the Case of Scotland 1979/1997. 29th ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops. Grenoble, France. 6-11 April.

2000. The Impact of European Integration on the Demand for Self-Government in Scotland: the Case of Public Opinion. UACES Workshop ‘Regionalism and the European Union’. Belfast, UK. 21-22 June.

1999. EMU and the Legitimacy of the European Union. 4th UACES Research Conference. Sheffield, UK. 8-10 September.

1999. The European Union Enlargement: a Rational Approach. 6th ECSA Biennial International Conference. Pittsburgh, PA, USA. 3-5 June.

1998. Identity and Legitimacy: a European Dilemma. 2nd EURS International Conference. Durham, UK. 17-20 September.


2015. Restructuring the Union: Devolution and Representation. Written evidence submitted to the House of Lords Constitution Committee’s inquiry ‘The Union and Devolution’.

2013. An Independent Scotland and EU Membership. Written evidence submitted to the inquiry of the Scottish Parliament’s European and External Relations Committee ‘The Scottish Government’s Proposals for an Independent Scotland: Membership of the European Union’.

2013. Switzerland’s Approach to EU Engagement: a Financial Services Perspective. Report for the City of London Corporation (with Clive Church and Sean Mueller).

2012. The ‘Swiss Model’ of Relations with the EU and its Relevance for the UK. Written evidence submitted to the inquiry of the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee ‘The Future of the European Union: UK Government Policy’ (with Clive Church and Sean Mueller).

2011. Switzerland’s Post-Election Report: 2011 Parliamentary Elections. The Monkey Cage. 25 October (with Sean Mueller).

2005. Memorandum on the European Credit Transfer SystemProposed EU Integrated Action Programme for Life-Long Learning – Volume 2: Evidence. European Union Committee, House of Lords, HL Paper 104-II.

2004. The Swiss Federal Elections of 19 October 2003. EPERN Election Briefing No. 17. Brighton: Sussex European Institute, University of Sussex (with Clive Church).

2002. Exclusion and Identity: the Politics of Rights, Race and Religion. CODEP conference. London, 12-14 June.


2018. ‘Centripetal Democracy’. Publius: The Journal of Federalism 48/3: forthcoming.

2014. ‘Challenging the State’. Regional and Federal Studies 24/3: 403-4.

2008. ‘Federalism and Regionalism in Western Europe’. Regional and Federal Studies 18/4: 479-80.

2008. ‘Le fédéralisme suisse’Regional and Federal Studies 18/2: 303-4.

2006. ‘Devolution and Electoral Politics’. Regional and Federal Studies 16/4: 498-500.

2006. ‘Federalism in a Changing World – Learning from Each Other’. Regional and Federal Studies 16/3: 356-8.

2006. ‘The EU and Territorial Politics within Member States’. West European Politics 29/3: 598.

2005. ‘La Question jurassienne’. Regional and Federal Studies 15/3: 407-8.

2005. ‘Federalism and Territorial Cleavages’. Regional and Federal Studies 15/2: 277-8.

2004. ‘Subnational Democracy in the European Union’. Journal of Common Market Studies 42/5: 1089.

2004. ‘Federalism Doomed?’. Regional and Federal Studies 14/2: 310-1.

2004. ‘Commonwealth: the Other Road to Democracy’. West European Politics 27/3: 537-8.

2004. ‘Comparative Federalism in the Devolution Era’. Political Studies Review 2/2: 276-7.

2003. Unravel Complex Neighbours. Times Higher Education Supplement. 28 November.

2003. ‘Constituting Federal Sovereignty’. Regional and Federal Studies 13/4: 199-201.

2003. ‘Direct Democracy in Switzerland’. Regional and Federal Studies 13/3: 139-40.

2003. ‘Reluctant Europeans’. Journal of Common Market Studies 41/4: 778-9.

2003. ‘States and Regions in the European Union’. West European Politics 26/2: 192-3.

2002. ‘The Emerging Euro-Mediterranean System’ and ‘The Mediterranean Passage’. Regional and Federal Studies 12/3: 222-4.

2000. A Critique of Philip Cerny’s ‘Reconstructing the Political in a Globalizing World: States, Institutions, Actors and Governance’. Department of Politics, University of York. 25 March.


2008. Switzerland: Party Changes Herald End of SVP Dominance. Oxford Analytica. 24 September.

2008. Switzerland: Business-friendly Image is Under Threat. Oxford Analytica. 3 April.

2007. Switzerland: Consensus Politics is Weaker but not Dead. Oxford Analytica. 17 December.

2007. Switzerland: Poll Outcome May Harm System and Economy. Oxford Analytica. 19 October.

Media articles

2017. Catalonia: election will not solve clash of nationalismsPSA Blog, 21 December.

2017. Why ‘Europe’ breeds complexity rather than uniformity. Online comment, University of Kent, 20 December.

2017. Independence in Europe? EU Integration and ‘Stateless Nations’. Political Insight, December, pp. 33-5.

2017. Kooperation, nicht Wettbewerb mit dem BundNeue Zürcher Zeitung, 5 August (with Sean Mueller).

2016. A New Union? Federalism and the UKPolitical Insight, December, pp. 12-5 (with John Kincaid).

2014. Evel but not evil: how to deliver ‘English votes for English laws’ without breaking the Union. PSA Blog, 21 October.

2014. SNP Campaign Suffers Major Blow with Expected Currency Decision. Online comment, University of Kent, 12 February.

2012. Beware the lure of Switzerland. Unpublished article, 6 December.

2012. Recession is only one explanation for the drive for secession. The Guardian, 24 November.

2002. El futuro de la izquierda. La Jornada – Masiosare, 28 April (with Susana Berruecos).

2000. Los pequeños contras los privilegios de las potencias – nuevas reglas del club europeo. La Jornada – Masiosare, 17 December (with Susana Berruecos).


2008. Bologna’s masterstroke. Times Higher Education, 16 October.

2001. Trusting Europe. The Economist, 18 May.

1994. Pan-European but Eurosceptic. The European, 28 October.

Theses and dissertations

2002. The Connections between European Integration and Demands for Regional Self-Government: a Rational-Institutionalist Comparative Analysis of Scotland, 1979 and 1997. PhD thesis. Department of Government, London School of Economics, UK.

1997. Implementing Subsidiarity: the Case of Regional Policy. MA dissertation. Department of Politics, University of Durham, UK.

1992. Formazioni sociali e sviluppo industriale: il caso di Torino in età giolittiana [Social Formations and Industrial Development: the Case of Turin in the Early Twentieth Century]. Laurea thesis. Department of Social Sciences, University of Turin, Italy.